In Greenplum Database 18.104.22.168 and later, GPORCA co-exists with the legacy query optimizer.
These sections describe GPORCA functionality and usage:
Overview of GPORCA
GPORCA extends the planning and optimization capabilities of the Greenplum Database legacy optimizer.
By default, Greenplum Database uses the legacy query planner. Server configuration parameters enable or disable GPORCA.
Collecting Root Partition Statistics
For a partitioned table, GPORCA uses statistics of the table root partition to generate query plans. These statistics are used for determining the join order, for splitting and joining aggregate nodes, and for costing the query steps. This is in contrast to the legacy planner, which uses the statistics of each leaf partition. If you execute queries on partitioned tables, you must collect statistics on the root partition and periodically update those statistics to ensure that GPORCA can generate optimal query plans.
There are limitations in Greenplum Database 22.214.171.124 and later when GPORCA is enabled. The Pivotal Query Optimizer and the legacy query optimizer currently coexist in Greenplum Database 126.96.36.199 and later because GPORCA does not support all Greenplum Database features.