Reclusters tables that were previously clustered with CLUSTER.
clusterdb [connection-option ...] [--verbose | -v] [--table | -t table] [[--dbname | -d] dbname] clusterdb [connection-option ...] [--all | -a] [--verbose | -v] clusterdb -? | --help clusterdb -V | --version
To cluster a table means to physically reorder a table on disk according to an index so that index scan operations can access data on disk in a somewhat sequential order, thereby improving index seek performance for queries that use that index.
The clusterdb utility will find any tables in a database that have previously been clustered with the CLUSTER SQL command, and clusters them again on the same index that was last used. Tables that have never been clustered are not affected.
clusterdb is a wrapper around the SQL command CLUSTER. Although clustering a table in this way is supported in Greenplum Database, it is not recommended because the CLUSTER operation itself is extremely slow.
If you do need to order a table in this way to improve your query performance, use a CREATE TABLE AS statement to reorder the table on disk rather than using CLUSTER. If you do 'cluster' a table in this way, then clusterdb would not be relevant.
- -a | --all
- Cluster all databases.
- [-d] dbname | [--dbname=]dbname
- Specifies the name of the database to be clustered. If this is not specified, the database name is read from the environment variable PGDATABASE. If that is not set, the user name specified for the connection is used.
- -e | --echo
- Echo the commands that clusterdb generates and sends to the server.
- -q | --quiet
- Do not display a response.
- -t table | --table=table
- Cluster the named table only. Multiple tables can be clustered by writing multiple -t switches.
- -v | --verbose
- Print detailed information during processing.
- -V | --version
- Print the clusterdb version and exit.
- -? | --help
- Show help about clusterdb command line arguments, and exit.
- -h host | --host=host
- The host name of the machine on which the Greenplum master database server is running. If not specified, reads from the environment variable PGHOST or defaults to localhost.
- -p port | --port=port
- The TCP port on which the Greenplum master database server is listening for connections. If not specified, reads from the environment variable PGPORT or defaults to 5432.
- -U username | --username=username
- The database role name to connect as. If not specified, reads from the environment variable PGUSER or defaults to the current system role name.
- -w | --no-password
- Never issue a password prompt. If the server requires password authentication and a password is not available by other means such as a .pgpass file, the connection attempt will fail. This option can be useful in batch jobs and scripts where no user is present to enter a password.
- -W | --password
- Force a password prompt.
- Specifies the name of the database to connect to discover what other databases should be clustered. If not specified, the postgres database will be used, and if that does not exist, template1 will be used.
To cluster the database test:
To cluster a single table foo in a database named xyzzy:
clusterdb --table foo xyzzyb
CLUSTER in the Greenplum Database Reference GuideCLUSTER