Using the S3 Storage Plugin with gpbackup and gprestore
Using the S3 Storage Plugin with gpbackup and gprestore
The S3 storage plugin application lets you use an Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) location to store and retrieve backups when you run gpbackup and gprestore. Amazon S3 provides secure, durable, highly-scalable object storage. The S3 plugin streams the backup data from a named pipe (FIFO) directly to the S3 bucket without generating local disk I/O.
- Upload/Delete for the S3 user ID that uploads the files
- Open/Download and View for the S3 user ID that accesses the files
For information about Amazon S3, see Amazon S3. For information about Amazon S3 regions and endpoints, see AWS service endpoints. For information about S3 buckets and folders, see the Amazon S3 documentation.
Installing the S3 Storage Plugin
The S3 storage plugin is included with the Tanzu Greenplum Backup and Restore release. Use the latest S3 plugin release with the latest Tanzu Backup and Restore, to avoid any incompatibilities.
The S3 storage plugin application must be in the same location on every Greenplum Database host, for example $GPHOME/bin/gpbackup_s3_plugin. The S3 storage plugin requires a configuration file, installed only on the master host.
Using the S3 Storage Plugin
To use the S3 storage plugin application, specify the location of the plugin, the S3 login credentials, and the backup location in a configuration file. For information about the configuration file, see S3 Storage Plugin Configuration File Format.
When running gpbackup or gprestore, specify the configuration file with the option --plugin-config.
gpbackup --dbname <database-name> --plugin-config /<path-to-config-file>/<s3-config-file>.yamlWhen you perform a backup operation using gpbackup with the --plugin-config option, you must also specify the --plugin-config option when restoring with gprestore.
gprestore --timestamp <YYYYMMDDHHMMSS> --plugin-config /<path-to-config-file>/<s3-config-file>.yaml
The S3 plugin stores the backup files in the S3 bucket, in a location similar to:
Where folder is the location you specified in the S3 configuration file, and datestamp and timestamp are the backup date and time stamps.
The S3 storage plugin logs are in <gpadmin_home>/gpAdmin/gpbackup_s3_plugin_timestamp.log on each Greenplum host system. The timestamp format is YYYYMMDDHHMMSS.Example
This is an example S3 storage plugin configuration file, named s3-test-config.yaml, that is used in the next gpbackup example command.
executablepath: $GPHOME/bin/gpbackup_s3_plugin options: region: us-west-2 aws_access_key_id: test-s3-user aws_secret_access_key: asdf1234asdf bucket: gpdb-backup folder: test/backup3
gpbackup --dbname demo --plugin-config /home/gpadmin/s3-test/s3-test-config.yaml
The S3 storage plugin writes the backup files to this S3 location in the AWS region us-west-2.
This example restores a specific backup set defined by the 20201206233124 timestamp, using the S3 plugin configuration file.
gprestore --timestamp 20201206233124 --plugin-config /home/gpadmin/s3-test/s3-test-config.yaml
S3 Storage Plugin Configuration File Format
The configuration file specifies the absolute path to the Greenplum Database S3 storage plugin executable, connection credentials, and S3 location.
The S3 storage plugin configuration file uses the YAML 1.1 document format and implements its own schema for specifying the location of the Greenplum Database S3 storage plugin, connection credentials, and S3 location and login information.
The configuration file must be a valid YAML document. The gpbackup and gprestore utilities process the control file document in order and use indentation (spaces) to determine the document hierarchy and the relationships of the sections to one another. The use of white space is significant. White space should not be used simply for formatting purposes, and tabs should not be used at all.
This is the structure of a S3 storage plugin configuration file.
executablepath: <absolute-path-to-gpbackup_s3_plugin> options: region: <aws-region> endpoint: <S3-endpoint> aws_access_key_id: <aws-user-id> aws_secret_access_key: <aws-user-id-key> bucket: <s3-bucket> folder: <s3-location> encryption: [on|off] backup_max_concurrent_requests: [int] # default value is 6 backup_multipart_chunksize: [string] # default value is 500MB restore_max_concurrent_requests: [int] # default value is 6 restore_multipart_chunksize: [string] # default value is 500MB http_proxy: http://<your_username>:<your_secure_password>@proxy.example.com:proxy_port
- Required. Absolute path to the plugin executable. For example, the Tanzu Greenplum installation location is $GPHOME/bin/gpbackup_s3_plugin. The plugin must be in the same location on every Greenplum Database host.
- Required. Begins the S3 storage plugin options section.
- Required for AWS S3. If connecting to an S3 compatible service, this option is not required, with one exception: If you are using Minio object storage and have specified a value for the Region setting on the Minio server side you must set this region option to the same value.
- Required for an S3 compatible service. Specify this option to connect to an S3 compatible service such as ECS. The plugin connects to the specified S3 endpoint (hostname or IP address) to access the S3 compatible data store.
- If this option is specified, the plugin ignores the region option and does not use AWS to resolve the endpoint. When this option is not specified, the plugin uses the region to determine AWS S3 endpoint.
- Optional. The S3 ID to access the S3 bucket location that stores backup files.
- If this parameter is not specified, S3 authentication uses information from the session environment. See aws_secret_access_key
- Required only if you specify aws_access_key_id. The S3 passcode for
the S3 ID to access the S3 bucket location.
If aws_access_key_id and aws_secret_access_key are not specified in the configuration file, the S3 plugin uses S3 authentication information from the system environment of the session running the backup operation. The S3 plugin searches for the information in these sources, using the first available source.
- The environment variables AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY.
- The authentication information set with the AWS CLI command aws configure.
- The credentials of the Amazon EC2 IAM role if the backup is run from an EC2 instance.
- Required. The name of the S3 bucket in the AWS region or S3 compatible data store. The bucket must exist.
- Required. The S3 location for backups. During a backup operation, the plugin creates the S3 location if it does not exist in the S3 bucket.
- Optional. Enable or disable use of Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) when connecting to an S3 location. Default value is on, use connections that are secured with SSL. Set this option to off to connect to an S3 compatible service that is not configured to use SSL.
- Any value other than on or off is not accepted.
- Optional. The segment concurrency level for a file artifact within a single backup/upload request. The default value is set to 6. Use this parameter in conjuction with the gpbackup --jobs flag, to increase your overall backup concurrency.
- Example: In a 4 node cluster, with 12 segments (3 per node), if the --jobs flag is set to 10, there could be 120 concurrent backup requests. With the backup_max_concurrent_requests parameter set to 6, the total S3 concurrent upload threads during a single backup session would reach 720 (120 x 6).
Note: If the upload artifact is 10MB (see backup_multipart_chunksize), the backup_max_concurrent_requests parameter would not take effect since the file is smaller than the chunk size.
- Optional. The file chunk size of the S3 multipart upload request in Megabytes (for example 20MB), Gigabytes (for example 1GB), or bytes (for example 1048576B). The default value is 500MB and the minimum value is 5MB (or 5242880B). Use this parameter along with the --jobs flag and the backup_max_concurrent_requests parameter to fine tune your backups. Set the chunksize based on your individual segment file size. S3 supports up to 10,000 max total partitions for a single file upload.
- Optional. The level of concurrency for downloading a file artifact within a single restore request. The default value is set to 6.
- Optional. The file chunk size of the S3 multipart download request in Megabytes (for example 20MB), Gigabytes (for example 1GB), or bytes (for example 1048576B). The default value is 500MB. Use this parameter along with the restore_max_concurrent_requests parameter to fine tune your restores.
- Optional. Allow AWS S3 access via a proxy server. The parameter should contain the proxy url in the form of http://username:firstname.lastname@example.org:proxy_port or http://proxy.example.com:proxy_port.